Sarfraz Ahmed warned Pakistan must improve in all three facets of the game after they were consigned to a historic 3-0 Twenty20 International series whitewash by Sri Lanka.

Pakistan top the rankings in the shortest format but they did not resemble the best side in the world as the tourists sealed a first T20 clean sweep with a 13-run victory in Lahore on Wednesday.

Oshada Fernando blasted 78 not out off only 48 balls as Sri Lanka posted 147-7 at Gaddafi Stadium, Mohammad Amir the pick of the Pakistan bowlers with 3-27.

Pakistan fell short on 134-6 in reply despite a half-century from Haris Sohail (52), with man of the series Wanindu Hasaranga (3-21) and Lahiru Kumara (2-24) doing the damage.

Captain Sarfraz says his side must raise their game after losing six of their last seven T20 matches.

The wicketkeeper-batsman said: "We were subdued, we didn't express ourselves throughout this series,

"We just wanted to try out as many players as possible. We need to work a lot on all three fronts, especially fielding.

"We can't beat any team if we drop catches like that in the middle overs."

New Sri Lanka skipper Dasun Shanaka, on the other hand, savoured a dream start to his reign.

"It's really a good victory. It's a big honour. All the players were bonded, that was the key to our success. Bonding is the key - they do the right things in the middle," he said.

"There are no extraordinary players here - they're all equally talented, but the unity was the secret. If we play smart cricket, there's always a possibility to win. The decisions were taken smartly today, each and every one of us."

Oshada Fernando smashed a blistering half-century on his Twenty20 International debut and Wanindu Hasaranga excelled with the ball as Sri Lanka beat Pakistan by 13 runs to seal a historic whitewash.

The tourists wrapped up a first bilateral T20 series win over the top-ranked side with a match to spare and put the icing on the cake with a first ever 3-0 whitewash in Lahore on Wednesday.

Oshada bludgeoned 78 not out from only 48 balls as the tourists posted 147-7 after winning the toss, Mohammad Amir the pick of the bowlers with 3-27 at Gaddafi Stadium.

Pakistan - who left out Ahmed Shehzad, Umar Akmal and Mohammad Hasnain - could only make 133-6 in reply, the excellent Hasaranga taking 3-21 and Lahiru Kumara 2-24 to secure an unlikely clean sweep as Haris Sohail's 52 proved to be in vain.

Amir struck twice in the powerplay to leave the tourists in trouble on 30-3, cleaning up Danushka Gunathilaka and getting rid of Bhanuka Rajapaksa after the economical Imad Wasim removed Sadeera Samarawickrama.

Angelo Perera was run out for only 13 but Oshada came to the rescue, dominating a fifth-wicket stand of 76 with new captain Dasun Shanaka and reaching his half-century from only 33 balls.

Oshada and Shanaka were dropped off back-to-back deliveries in an over from Wahab Riaz and the debutant rubbed salt into the woods by hitting the left-arm seamer and Amir for six. 

Wahab had the skipper taken by Fakhar Zaman for 12 and Amir had a third wicket in the penultimate over as the Pakistan bowlers did a good job of restricting Sri Lanka to what appeared to be a below-par total. 

Pakistan endured an awful start to their run chase, with Kasun Rajitha bowling Zaman with a peach of a first delivery of the innings, but a slow-moving partnership of 76 between Babar Azam and Haris laid a solid platform.

Babar (27) fell caught behind attempting to cut Kumara, and Pakistan were 94-3 in the 16th over and needing to step up the run rate as Haris was dismissed by Hasaranga.

Imad and Ali failed while Hasaranga bowled Sarfraz Ahmed as the best T20 side in the world made another mess of it with the bat, failing to secure a consolation victory.

Bhanuka Rajapaksa bludgeoned a half-century and Nuwan Pradeep starred with the ball as Sri Lanka sealed a maiden Twenty20 International bilateral series win over Pakistan with a 35-run victory in Lahore.

Rajapaksa, playing only his second match for his country, smashed 77 from only 48 balls in the tourists' 182-6 at Gadafi Stadium on Monday.

Top-ranked Pakistan, beaten by 64 runs on Saturday, went 2-0 down with only one match to play after they were all out for 147, Pradeep taking 4-25 and Wanindu Hasaranga 3-38.

Sri Lanka had lost four T20 series' in a row, but stopped the rot at the start of a new era with Dasun Shanaka captaining a youthful side. 

Danushka Gunathilaka fell to Imad Wasim for only 15 following his half-century at the weekend and Sri Lanka were 41-2 after five overs, having won the toss, when Shadab Khan ran Avishka Fernando (8) out.

Rajapaksa then took centre stage, smashing Mohammad Amir back over his head for six with disdain and clattering Shadab for back-to-back maximums as he raced to a maiden international half-century from 31 balls.

The number three also struck Mohammad Hasnain, who took a hat-trick in the opening match of the series, for back-to-back sixes before a superb third-wicket stand of 94 ended when Asif Ali ran Shehan Jayasuriya out for 34.

Rajapaksa fell to the expensive Shadab (1-38) after clearing the ropes six times in a swashbuckling knock and skipper Shanaka made a brisk unbeaten 27, with Wahab Riaz taking just the one wicket for 31 on his T20 return.

Pakistan were up against it at 11-2 with the recalled Fakhar Zaman (6) and Babar Azam (3) bowled by Kasun Rajitha (1-11) and Pradeep respectively before Hasaranga struck three times in the eighth over.

The spinner cleaned up an advancing Ahmed Shehzad (13) with a googly before removing Umar Akmal leg before for back-to-back golden ducks and captain Sarfraz Ahmed was also bowled for 26.

Imad struck a T20I best 47 off 29 balls and put on 75 with Asif Ali (29) for the sixth wicket, but the excellent Pradeep and Isuru Udana (2-38) prevented Pakistan from keeping the series alive. 

Mohammad Hasnain's hat-trick was in vain as a young Sri Lanka side shocked Pakistan with a 64-run win in the opening match of the Twenty20 International series in Lahore. 

Top-ranked Pakistan had won six consecutive T20 contests with Sri Lanka and the tourists were smarting from a 2-0 ODI series defeat, but they pulled off an upset under new captain Dasun Shanaka at Gaddafi Stadium on Saturday. 

Sri Lanka posted 165-5 after losing the toss, Danushka Gunathilaka top scoring with 57 from 38 balls before 19-year-old Hasnain (3-37) took a hat-trick across two overs in his second international in the shortest format. 

Pakistan were bowled out for 101 in reply to suffer a fourth loss in their last five T20s, Nuwan Pradeep (3-21) and Isuru Udana (3-11) starring in a superb Sri Lanka display in the field.

Gunathilaka got Sri Lanka off to a great start after they were put in, setting about Faheem Ashraf and Hasnain to bring the 50 stand up in the fifth over. 

The left-hander timed the ball sweetly and continued to score freely through the leg side, taking 14 off Shadab Khan's first over and pulling the spinner for six to reach his half-century. 

Shadab gained a measure of revenge by trapping Gunathilaka leg before to end an opening partnership of 84, but Avishka Fernando (33) and debutant Bhanuka Rajapaksa (32) kept Sri Lanka ticking along. 

Hasnain had a moment to remember when he removed Shehan Jayasuriya to claim a hat-trick the next ball after seeing off Shanaka, having snared Rajapaksa lbw in the last ball of his previous over. 

Pakistan were in big trouble on 22-3 with star man Babar Azam (13) and the recalled Umar Akmal falling in consecutive balls to the excellent Pradeep, who missed out on a hat-trick of his own, before Udana cleaned up Ahmed Shehzad, playing for his country for the first time since last June. 

Captain Sarfraz Ahmed (24) and Iftikhar Ahmed (25) got starts but were unable to go on as Sri Lanka held their catches in a sharp fielding display, Udana finishing off Pakistan after Wanindu Hasaranga (2-20) also did damage.

Danushka Gunathilaka's century was in vain as Sri Lanka slipped to an ODI series defeat in Pakistan.

The opener scored 133 from 134 balls in the third and final match in Karachi, but Sri Lanka could still only manage 297-9 from their 50 overs.

Fakhar Zaman (76) and Abid Ali's (74) opening partnership of 123 laid the platform for Pakistan to overhaul the tourists' score with 10 balls to spare.

Pakistan therefore won the three-match series 2-0 and focus now shifts to the three-match T20 series, which starts on Saturday.

Gunathilaka hit 16 fours and a six in an innings that was finally ended in the 45th over when he was removed by a Mohammad Amir yorker.

That his dismissal reduced Sri Lanka to 243-6 was indicative of the lack of support he received.

Lahiru Thirimanne (36), debutant Minod Bhanuka (36) and Dasun Shanaka (43) were the only other players to pass 13, while Pakistan's bowlers all kept things relatively tight with the exception of Wahab Riaz (1-81 from 10).

Pakistan quickly set about making light work of the target, with 123 runs on the board by the time Abid fell to Wanindu Hasaranga in the 20th over.

Haris Sohail struck a 46-ball 50 as he and Sarfraz Ahmed (23) comfortably guided Pakistan towards victory, which was secured with successive fours from Iftikhar Ahmed after poor deliveries down leg from Nuwan Pradeep.

Babar Azam and Usman Shinwari starred as Pakistan eventually saw off a Sri Lanka fightback to secure a 67-run victory in the second ODI in Karachi.

After rain wiped out the series opener last Friday, conditions were far more conducive for play on Monday, with Pakistan posting 305-7 thanks mainly to a century from the brilliant Babar.

Sri Lanka quickly slipped to 28-5 in reply as Shinwari (5-51) struck three times, only for a record stand between Shehan Jayasuriya and Dasun Shanaka to keep the tourists' hopes alive.

However, having added 177 - the highest sixth-wicket stand for Sri Lanka in one-day cricket - both well-set batsmen were dismissed with the score on 205 following a second delay due to floodlight issues at the National Stadium.

Jayasuriya fell four short of a first ODI ton when he edged through to wicketkeeper Sarfraz Ahmed off the bowling of left-arm paceman Shinwari, who went on to complete a second five-wicket haul in the format.

Shanaka, meanwhile, holed out in the deep on 68 when trying to deposit a short ball from Shadab Khan (2-76) two balls later, with the tourists losing their last five wickets for 33 runs to be bowled out for 238 in 46.5 overs.

While made to wait a little longer than expected after the early clatter of wickets, Pakistan were able to celebrate a first one-day win at the venue for more than a decade.

Unlike their opponents, their top order had prospered. Fakhar Zaman made 54 from 65 balls, including sharing in a first-wicket stand worth 73 with Imam-ul-Haq (31), before Babar and Haris Sohail (40) put on 111 for the third wicket.

Having reached his 11th ODI hundred from just 97 deliveries, Babar eventually fell for 115 having hit eight fours and four sixes, the right-hander miscuing a shot to square leg.

Iftikhar Ahmed – playing in his first one-dayer since November 2015 – added a quickfire unbeaten 32 from 20 balls to help push the final total beyond 300, a score that was beyond Sri Lanka despite the best efforts of Jayasuriya and Shanaka.

The two teams complete the 50-over series at the same venue on Wednesday before shifting to Lahore for three Twenty20 games.

Pakistan and Sri Lanka have pushed the second one-dayer back by 24 hours after their series opener was washed out in Karachi on Friday.

Heavy downpours prevented any play in the first ODI to be staged at the National Stadium in over a decade, as sections of the ground were left under water.

With wet weather in the days preceding the fixture too, the two cricket boards have agreed to a change in the schedule.

The second match was due to take place at the same location on Sunday but has now been shifted to Monday instead, allowing extra time to get the ground fit for action.

"This week's unseasonal heavy rains have forced us to review the series schedule," Pakistan Cricket Board director Zakir Khan said in a statement.

"I am thankful to Sri Lanka Cricket, as well as our host broadcasters, for agreeing to amend the match schedule to ensure there are no further abandonments due to rain in what is an important bilateral FTP series for Pakistan."

The final ODI – also to be staged in Karachi – will still be played on October 2, as originally planned.

Pakistan and Sri Lanka will then play three Twenty20 games in Lahore.

Sri Lanka spinner Akila Dananjaya has been banned from bowling in international cricket for 12 months after his action was ruled illegal.

An independent assessment determined his delivery method contained a technical flaw, the International Cricket Council confirmed.

Dananjaya was reported for a suspect bowling action during the first Test between Sri Lanka and New Zealand, which took place from August 14 to 18 in Galle, with Kane Williamson also flagged.

The Sri Lanka spinner had produced a first-innings five-wicket haul in his team's six-wicket win.

Dananjaya, who was suspended late last year after his bowling action was reported against England, subsequently faced an independent assessment on August 29.

This assessment revealed his illegal action and, given the prior suspension, he was automatically suspended from bowling in the international game for a year.

Dananjaya will be able to approach the ICC for re-assessment following this period, the world governing body said.

Sri Lanka have requested government support after a new terrorism warning cast doubt on whether their limited-overs tour of Pakistan should go ahead.

An armed attack on the Sri Lanka team coach in Lahore in 2009 saw seven team members among the injured, while six policemen and two civilians were killed.

Most of Pakistan's home matches for the past decade have been held in the United Arab Emirates, due to security concerns, but Sri Lanka have agreed to visit on tour, having until now played just one T20 match in the country since the deadly attack.

Three ODIs are scheduled to take place in Karachi on September 27, 29 and October 3, before a series of Twenty20s in Lahore.

Several high-profile players - including captains Dimuth Karunaratne and Lasith Malinga - have refused to travel with the 15-man squad, with Sri Lanka naming Lahiru Thirimanne and Dasun Shanaka as skippers for the tour.

The tour may now be in jeopardy, with Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) having been informed by the office of Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe there is a "possible terrorist threat" to the team.

The national governing body said it had "sought the assistance of the Sri Lankan government to conduct a 'reassessment' of the security situation in Pakistan".

"The decision was taken following a warning SLC received from the Prime Minister's office," Sri Lanka Cricket said.

"Accordingly, the warning highlights that the Prime Minister's office has received reliable information of a possible terrorist threat on the Sri Lankan team while touring Pakistan."

Ten Sri Lanka players have decided to withdraw from the forthcoming tour of Pakistan amid security concerns.

Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) held a meeting with the squad on Monday at which the chief security advisor outlined the risks, with all players afforded the freedom to choose if they would travel. 

It was following that meeting that a number of players, including the likes of Angelo Mathews, Lasith Malinga and Dimuth Karunaratne, opted against featuring in the three ODIs and three Twenty20s scheduled across September and October.

The Sri Lanka team bus came under attack from gunmen in Lahore while touring Pakistan in 2009.

Confirming the news of the withdrawals, and SLC statement read: "Former Sri Lanka Air Force Commander, Marshal Air Roshan Goonetileke, who is the Chief Security Advisor of the SLC, briefed the players about the security situation in Pakistan and the security arrangements PCB [Pakistan Cricket Board] plans on implementing during Sri Lanka team’s tour of that country, whilst Chairman of the National Selection Panel Mr Asantha De Mel, explained about the selection policy for future tours.

"He said players will be given the freedom to decide on either taking part or not in the forthcoming Pakistan tour.

"Accordingly, the following players chose to stay away from the upcoming Pakistan series – Niroshan Dickwella, Kusal Perera, Dhananjaya De Silva, Thisara Perera, Akila Dananjaya, Lasith Malinga, Angelo Mathews, Suranga Lakmal, Dinesh Chandimal, Dimuth Karunaratne."

Kusal Mendis has also been ruled out by an injury suffered in the series with New Zealand.

Lasith Malinga claimed four wickets in as many balls against New Zealand as Sri Lanka recorded a resounding 37-run win in the third and final Twenty20 match of the series.

The veteran paceman produced a stunning second over on his way to recording figures of 5-6 - his best in the format for his country - that included accounting for three of the four Kiwi batsmen to make first-ball ducks.

Needing 126 to complete a 3-0 sweep, the Black Caps reached 15 before losing their first wicket, Colin Munro becoming Malinga's 100th T20 victim for Sri Lanka.

He immediately followed up the initial breakthrough by removing Hamish Rutherford and Colin de Grandhomme, in the process becoming the first bowler to claim two T20 hat-tricks at international level.

Not content with his treble, the 36-year-old trapped Ross Taylor lbw with a trademark yorker. Astonishingly, it is the second time Malinga has taken four in four for Sri Lanka, having previously achieved the feat against South Africa at the 2007 Cricket World Cup.

Tim Seifert was his fifth and final wicket on Friday, caught at slip trying to drive on the up, as the Kiwis collapsed in a heap, at one stage slipping to 47-8.

However, Tim Southee (28 not out) hit three sixes as Sri Lanka were forced to wait to clinch victory, New Zealand adding 36 runs for the final wicket before they were eventually bowled out for 88.

The home team had earlier laboured to 125-8 after opting to bat first, opener Danushka Gunathilaka top-scoring with 30 from 25 deliveries.

Niroshan Dickwella and T20 debutant Lahiru Madushanka also made useful contributions, weighing in with 24 and 20 respectively, but the home team struggled to cope against New Zealand's spin bowlers.

Mitchell Santner (3-12) and Todd Astle (3-28), who replaced fellow leg-spinner Ish Sodhi in the XI for the dead rubber, shared six wickets to help restrict the hosts.

Yet what appeared to be a below-par total at the halfway stage proved more than enough thanks to Malinga's heroics, giving Sri Lanka a morale-boosting triumph in Pallekele.

New Zealand have reported mixed news on the injury front ahead of the third Twenty20 against Sri Lanka, with Martin Guptill missing out and Ross Taylor set to return.

Guptill suffered a right abdomen strain while fielding in the second T20 in Kandy on Tuesday and did not bat as the Black Caps claimed a four-wicket victory to clinch the best-of-three-match series.

Hamish Rutherford, who has not played an international T20 since 2013, has been called up to replace Guptill.

Tom Bruce may miss out due to a knee problem he suffered while making a half-century on Tuesday, but Taylor – absent in Kandy due to a left hip injury – has been declared fit to return.

"We've still got 48 hours or so to the next match, so we'll see how [Bruce] pulls through," coach Gary Stead said.

"Ross could have played [in Kandy] if we'd desperately needed him to. We just wanted to take the sensible measure of not putting him under undue pressure when we didn't need to."

New Zealand wrapped up the Twenty20 series against Sri Lanka with a game to spare courtesy of a four-wicket win in Pallekele on Tuesday.

Having chased down a target of 175 to win a rain-hit opener 48 hours earlier, the Black Caps rallied from 38-3 to overhaul the home side's total of 161-9 with two balls to spare after an unexpectedly dramatic finish to proceedings.

Colin de Grandhomme and Tom Bruce – drafted into the XI to replace the injured Ross Taylor – shared a crucial fourth-wicket stand worth 109 as both posted half-centuries.

Neither were able to see the job through to the end – De Grandhomme was caught in the deep on 59, while Bruce was run out for 53 at the start of an eventful final over that started with the tourists losing two wickets in as many balls.

It appeared to be three in three when Mitchell Santner's slog sweep to wide long on was held by Shehan Jayasuriya, only for the fielder to collide with onrushing team-mate Kusal Mendis and make contact with the rope as he fell to the ground.

Both Sri Lanka players required treatment by the boundary during a lengthy delay that concluded with a six being signalled, drawing New Zealand level on the scoreboard. Santner duly secured victory from the next delivery, smacking it to the same area for four.

The Kiwis had done well in the first half of the contest to restrict their opponents, with Sri Lanka seeing several of their top order fail to capitalise on promising starts.

Opener Mendis made 26 from 24 deliveries at the top of the order while Avishka Fernando eased to 37 before an excellent running catch by Santner ended his innings, giving stand-in skipper Tim Southee (2-18) the first of his two wickets.

Seth Rance was the pick of the New Zealand attack, however, claiming 3-33. The seamer picked up the crucial scalp of Niroshan Dickwella with a clever slower delivery, trapping the batsman lbw for a top score of 39 from 30 deliveries.

The third and final T20 of the series takes place on Friday.

Lasith Malinga claimed his 99th international Twenty20 wicket to move top of the all-time list in the format but New Zealand edged to a five-wicket win over Sri Lanka in Pallekele on Sunday.

New Zealand, who lost the toss and were asked to field, rested Kane Williamson and were without Lockie Ferguson due to a fractured thumb, although the Black Caps said the fast bowler should be fit to face England in a five-match T20 series starting on November 1.

Sri Lanka were 50-1 at the end of an explosive powerplay with opener Kusal Mendis going on to make 79 off 53 balls, while Isuru Udana blasted Seth Rance for 15 off the last three balls of the innings to set a daunting target of 175.

Malinga got the hosts off to a flyer in the reply, bowling Colin Munro for a first-ball duck.

The veteran paceman took the T20 record when removed Colin de Grandhomme, who made a buccaneering 44 off 28 that kept New Zealand in the game before missing a full, straight ball.

Erratic work in the field continued to give the tourists hope and they were ahead on the Duckworth-Lewis-Stern method when rain came immediately after debutant Wanindu Hasaranga snared Ross Taylor (48 off 29), the batsman unsuccessfully reviewing the lbw verdict having earlier been dropped.

When play resumed New Zealand needed 18 off the last two overs and Malinga returned to the attack.

But a wild wide cost five runs and Daryl Mitchell lifted a full ball over the ropes, before hitting the winning runs off Udana to seal a thrilling victory with three balls to spare.

The three-match series resumes in Kandy on Tuesday.

Ajantha Mendis, the quickest player to take 50 ODI wickets, has retired from all forms of cricket according to the ICC.

Sri Lanka spinner Mendis holds the record for reaching a half-century of ODI wickets, having taken just 19 games to do so.

Mendis has been credited with the reintroduction of the 'carrom ball' and took 70 wickets in 19 Tests, 152 across 87 ODIs and 66 in 39 Twenty20 internationals.

The 34-year old, who struggled with a back injury during 2014, last played international cricket in 2015, having made his ODI debut against West Indies in April 2008.

Angelo Mathews was one of the first players to pay tribute to his former team-mate.

"Congratulations Menda on a short but great career. Unfortunately injuries kept you away but God is kind and will open plenty of avenues to you. Stay blessed brother," Mathews wrote on Twitter.

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